Childcare

 

In the past years, many measures were taken to increase the quality of childcare facilities in Upper Austria. In the calendar year 2012/2013, 55,445 children attended a childcare facility in Upper Austria (according to the statistical data of day-care facilities collected every year on 15 October; private care facilities not considered).

2012/13
TypeFacilitiesGroupsChildren
Day nurseries2003163,041
Kindergartens7612,17140,226
After-school day-care centres23465612,178
Total1,1953,14355,445


Fig. 1: Childcare facilities in Upper Austria 2012/2013; Source: Province of Upper Austria, Statistics Department, Statistics Austria, childcare centre statistic

Compulsory kindergarten year in Upper Austria

The legal background of the compulsory kindergarten year is a recently passed act on the introduction of mandatory, half-day childcare in institutionalised care facilities free of charge. Every child whose primary residence is in Upper Austria must attend kindergarten from 1 September after the child turned five until the start of compulsory schooling in September of the following year.
Exceptions:

  • children attending primary school following early admission pursuant to article 7 of the 1985 Compulsory Education Act,
  • children exempt from compulsory schooling pursuant to article 15 of the 1985 Compulsory Education Act (voluntary attendance is permissible).

Childcare facilities in Linz

Linz offers numerous care facilities for its youngest citizens: at the beginning of the school year 2012/2013, roughly 10,300 children and teenagers were looked after in 37 crèches, 94 kindergartens and 42 after-school day-care centres.

By vastly extending its capacities and cooperating with private providers, the City of Linz managed to establish a situation in which the demand for childcare services can be fully met. For every three-year-old child in the city, there is a spot in a municipal or private kindergarten. Parents can also choose other options such as crèches, after-school day-care centres or day nannies. For further information see the following websites: municipal department Linz (in German).

Crèches in Linz

There are 27 municipal crèches and kindergartens with crèche groups, seven private facilities with crèche groups and three Caritas facilities with crèche groups in Linz (figures as of October 2012). At the beginning of the school year 2012/2013, overall 761 children were looked after in these care facilities. More than a fifth of them attended municipal facilities.

Admission of children whose primary residence is not in Linz: according to Upper Austrian law, the city or village of primary residence is to contribute a fee to the city or village where the child attends kindergarten. If your child's primary residence is not in Linz, your child can only be admitted to a kindergarten in Linz if there are free spots and the city or village of primary residence pays the required contribution.
The admission period for the school year in which the child is to attend a crèche ends on 31 March of the same year.

Kindergartens in Linz

For children aged three to five, Linz offers 51 municipal, 19 private and 23 Caritas kindergartens as well as a teacher-training kindergarten. At the beginning of the school year 2012/2013, overall 5,316 children were looked after in all kindergartens. Two thirds of the kindergarteners in Linz were cared for in municipal facilities.

Since 1 September, 2009, attending kindergarten has been free of charge in Linz.

Since 1 January, 2013, a small income-adjusted meals fee has been due in municipal kindergartens. This fee is calculated based on the gross household income and ranges from € 0 to € 54.08 per month for every child.

Admission for the school year in which the child is to attend kindergarten ends on 31 March of the same year.

After-school day-care centres in Linz

After-school day-care centres in Linz offer a wide selection of day care and educational activities to children and teenagers from age 6 to 14. At the beginning of the school year 2012/2013, 4,215 children and teenagers of compulsory school age were cared for in 31 municipal, seven private and four Caritas-run after-school day-care centres. 

Registration is possible all year round directly at the after-school day-care centres. For a child to be admitted to an after-school day-care centre in Linz, the child's and at least one parent's primary residence have to be in Linz.

Admission of children whose primary residence is not in Linz: according to Upper Austrian law, the city or village of primary residence is to contribute a fee to the city or village where the child attends an after-school day-care centre.

Day nannies in Linz

Day nannies are trained individuals who provide care for minors in their own homes for several hours up to the entire day.

In Linz, Verein Aktion Tagesmütter Oberösterreich (in German):

  • introduces day nannies to interested families,
  • offers initial and further training to day nannies,
  • hires day nannies.

Day nannies report to the provincial government of Upper Austria in legal as well as pedagogical matters. Day nannies must apply for an authorisation by the provincial government in writing.

Pilot project "Gender-sensitive early childhood education"

"Girls play with dolls, boys play with cars." The department for women's affairs of the City of Linz and the women's affairs committee of the City Council decided to actively counteract such stereotypes: the City of Linz launched a project in the kindergarten on the Römerberg offering education that was completely free of such traditional gender patterns.

Gender-sensitive early childhood education supports girls and boys in discovering and exploring their talents and interests without being assigned narrow gender roles. The children are thus granted new perspectives and greater opportunities for their future. The pilot project "Gender-sensitive early childhood education" started in September 2005 and lasted until July 2008. It was started on the initiative of the women's affairs committee of the City Council and the department of women's affairs of the City of Linz. A working group with representatives from politics and administration as well as pedagogues also accompanied and contributed to the project.

"Gender-sensitive early childhood education" is not about bringing out the feminine side of boys and the masculine side of girls, but creating equal and fair conditions for both sexes. Because from an early age, children are, often unconsciously, subjected to traditional gender roles.

Other facilities offering childcare support in Upper Austria